Hopi Indians gathered mineral paints on Horseshoe Mesa long before Pete Berry began working the Last Chance Mine in 1890. Berry built a trail to his copper mine and used burros to pack the ore to the rim. The copper tested high grade, but transportation costs cut into his profits. When tourism increased, Berry built the Grandview Hotel on the rim and began guiding sightseers into the canyon along his trail. All mining ended on the mesa in 1908.